Quarterly Journal of Political Science > Vol 1 > Issue 3

Religion and Preferences for Social Insurance

  • Kenneth Scheve 1
  • David Stasavage 2

[1]Kenneth Scheve, Yale University, kenneth.scheve@yale.edu [2]David Stasavage, New York University, david.stasavage@nyu.edu


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Table of contents

Religion and Social Insurance
Formalizing the Argument
International Evidence
Evidence from International Individual-Level Data

Quarterly Journal of Political Science

(Vol 1, Issue 3, 2006, pp 255-286)

DOI: 10.1561/100.00005052


In this paper we argue that religion and welfare state spending are substitute mechanisms that insure individuals against adverse life events. As a result, individuals who are religious are predicted to prefer lower levels of social insurance than will individuals who are secular. To the extent policy outcomes reflect individual preferences, then countries with higher levels of religiosity should have lower levels of welfare state spending. In formalizing our argument we also suggest that if benefits from religion are subject to a network externality (I derive greater pleasure from religion when others are also religious), it is possible for countries that are similar in terms of underlying conditions to exhibit multiple equilibria with respect to religion and social insurance. We empirically test our predictions using individual-level data on religiosity, individual-level data on social insurance preferences, and cross-country data on social spending outcomes. The findings are strongly supportive of our hypotheses.

Data Files

Replication Data | 100.00005052_supp.zip (ZIP),

This file contains the data that is required to replicate the data on your own system.

DOI: 10.1561/100.00005052_supp


Online Appendix | 100.00005052_app.pdf (PDF),

This is the article's accompanying appendix.

DOI: 10.1561/100.00005052_app