International Review of Environmental and Resource Economics > Vol 15 > Issue 4

Cities and the Environment: The Case of Air Pollution

Efthymia Kyriakopoulou, Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden,
Suggested Citation
Efthymia Kyriakopoulou (2021), "Cities and the Environment: The Case of Air Pollution", International Review of Environmental and Resource Economics: Vol. 15: No. 4, pp 319-358.

Publication Date: 07 Dec 2021
© 2021 E. Kyriakopoulou
Environmental economics,  Public economics,  Economic theory
JEL Codes: Q53R14R52
Air pollutionurban structureurban policies


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In this article:
1 Introduction 
2 Spatial Analysis in Economics 
3 Air Pollution and the City 
4 Urban Policy Interventions and Urban Structure 
5 Empirical Literature 
6 Conclusion 


Why do people choose to reside in cities? How does urban pollution affect their location decisions? This paper provides an overview of the literature that studies how different agglomeration and dispersion forces affect the internal structure and the size of cities. In particular, we discuss models that investigate the role of urban pollution on the structure of cities. We show that pollution associated with the industrial, residential and transport sectors has an impact on different land uses and might lead to either monocentric or polycentric urban forms. We also examine the effect of land use, environmental and transport policies on urban form and urban pollution levels. We conclude by discussing the policy challenges that can be identified in order to efficiently manage urbanisation and create sustainable cities.