Journal of Forest Economics > Vol 24 > Issue 1

Community forest management, gender and fuelwood collection in rural Nepal

Priscilla Cooke St. Clair,
Suggested Citation
Priscilla Cooke St. Clair (2016), "Community forest management, gender and fuelwood collection in rural Nepal", Journal of Forest Economics: Vol. 24: No. 1, pp 52-71.

Publication Date: 0/8/2016
© 0 2016 Priscilla Cooke St. Clair
JEL Codes:O13O15Q12Q15Q23
Community forestryFuelwoodNepalGenderDalitLandless


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In this article:
Fuelwood collection and community forestry 
Data and empirical strategy 
Results and discussion 


This paper investigates how Forest User Group (FUG) management of community forests and household characteristics influence household allocation of male and female labor to fuelwood collection in rural Nepal. FUG collection bans are found to displace both landed and landless female fuelwood collection labor to other forests that are typically further away, but lower restrictions do not. A higher female FUG executive committee share has both conservation and equity enhancing effects by lowering the likelihoods that landless, Dalit, landed and non-Dalit women collect in other forests, and increasing the likelihood landless males collect in the FUG forest.