APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing > Vol 9 > Issue 1

A two-stage approach for passive sound source localization based on the SRP-PHAT algorithm

M.A. Awad-Alla, Ain Shams University, Egypt, matef70@yahoo.com , Ahmed Hamdy, Helwan University, Egypt, Farid A. Tolbah, Ain Shams University, Egypt, Moatasem A. Shahin, Badr University, Egypt, M.A. Abdelaziz, Ain Shams University, Egypt
 
Suggested Citation
M.A. Awad-Alla, Ahmed Hamdy, Farid A. Tolbah, Moatasem A. Shahin and M.A. Abdelaziz (2020), "A two-stage approach for passive sound source localization based on the SRP-PHAT algorithm", APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing: Vol. 9: No. 1, e8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ATSIP.2020.6

Publication Date: 26 Feb 2020
© 2020 M.A. Awad-Alla, Ahmed Hamdy, Farid A. Tolbah, Moatasem A. Shahin and M.A. Abdelaziz
 
Subjects
 
Keywords
Sound source localizationPassive acoustic localizationSRP-PHATCircular microphone arrayRegion contraction
 

Share

Open Access

This is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence.

Downloaded: 1552 times

In this article:
I. INTRODUCTION 
II. PROPOSED LOCALIZATION APPROACH 
III. RESULTS 
IV. CONCLUSION 

Abstract

This paper presents a different approach to tackle the Sound Source Localization (SSL) problem apply on a compact microphone array that can be mounted on top of a small moving robot in an indoor environment. Sound source localization approaches can be categorized into the three main categories; Time Difference of Arrival (TDOA), high-resolution subspace-based methods, and steered beamformer-based methods. Each method has its limitations according to the search or application requirements. Steered beamformer-based method will be used in this paper because it has proven to be robust to ambient noise and reverberation to a certain extent. The most successful and used algorithm of this method is the SRP-PHAT algorithm. The main limitation of SRP-PHAT algorithm is the computational burden resulting from the search process, this limitation comes from searching among all possible candidate locations in the searching space for the location that maximizes a certain function. The aim of this paper is to develop a computationally viable approach to find the coordinate location of a sound source with acceptable accuracy. The proposed approach comprises two stages: the first stage contracts the search space by estimating the Direction of Arrival (DoA) vector from the time difference of arrival with an addition of reasonable error coefficient around the vector to make sure that the sound source locates inside the estimated region, the second stage is to apply the SRP-PHAT algorithm to search only in this contracted region for the source location. The AV16.3 corpus was used to evaluate the proposed approach, extensive experiments have been carried out to verify the reliability of the approach. The results showed that the proposed approach was successful in obtaining good results compared to the conventional SRP-PHAT algorithm.

DOI:10.1017/ATSIP.2020.6